The "Arab Spring" has generated a pace and intensity of change that has fired global imagination. The eventual impact of the democracy revolutions in the Arab world on the political structures of individual states in the region is not yet clear and the overall consequences for Arab democracy may not crystallize for many decades.
The changes sweeping through the Arab region since December 2010 show marked differences. For example Egypt and Tunisia, which ousted long standing undemocratic heads of state after weeks of street protests, are already preparing for their first democratic elections in living memory followed by what most observers hope will be an inclusive constitutional process. Against this backdrop, IDEA reacted quickly by establishing a regional programme in Cairo to promote electoral and constitutional reform in countries from Morocco to Oman. A number of initiatives have already occurred in various countries, including in Egypt, Tunisia and Jordan.