Date of posting: 2 April 2008

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Welcome to (the ‘Site’), which is owned and operated by the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (‘International IDEA’). International IDEA is an intergovernmental, non-profit organization established by international treaty and funded by its member states. For more information on our organization, please see Contact Us.

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These are the Terms of Use (‘Terms’) that apply to your use of the Site. By using the Site, regardless of whether or not you choose to register, you are agreeing to be bound by these Terms. If you do not wish to be bound by what you read below, you should not use the Site.

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3.1. We may change these Terms at any time by sending you an e-mail with the modified Terms or by posting a copy of them on the Site. Any changes will take effect seven (7) days after the date of our e-mail or the date on which we post the modified Terms on the Site, whichever is the earlier. Your continued use of the Site after that period expires means that you agree to be bound by the modified Terms.

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4.1. You are free to browse the Site without registering. However, if you want to download any of our publications, sign up to receive newsletters, or upload your CV, then you will need to register.

4.2. Each registration is for a single user only. Please do not share your registration details with any other person as you will be held responsible for all activities that occur under your password or account with or without your knowledge.

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5.1 All publications are available for use on the basis described in Our Publications. However, all other content on the Site, including software, graphics, photographs and text, is owned by us or our licensors. You acknowledge that all copyright, trade marks and all other intellectual property rights in the Site and in the publications made available via it, shall at all times remain vested in us or our licensors. You are allowed to use such content for personal, non-commercial use for the purpose of viewing our Site and making use of our content in accordance with these Terms only. Any rights not expressly granted in these Terms are reserved.

5.2 The trade mark “International IDEA” is owned by us. All other brand names and trade marks that appear on the Site are trademarks or trade names of their respective holders. No permission is given in respect of the use of any of these brands or marks, (other than is provided for in clause 12.1), and any such use may constitute an infringement of the holder’s rights.

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Our Publications – In Print

6.1 For details of our print publications catalogue, please click here. Most require payment but some are free of charge.

6.2 If you wish to purchase a publication which requires payment, you will need to order from our distributors direct. For further details of how to order from our distributors please see Ordering Our Publications In Print.

6.3 If you wish to obtain a copy of a publication which is made available free of charge, we will process your order and if the publication is in stock will deliver your order to you free of charge.

6.4 Please note that all print publications are available for use on International IDEA’s standard licensing terms

Our Publications – In Electronic Format

6.5 All our publications are also available for download in electronic format free of charge.

6.6 Some electronic publications are available under a Creative Commons (“CC”) licence, others are available on International IDEA’s standard licensing terms.

Those electronic publications that are licensed under a CC licence are identified by the following logo: Creative Commons License. If the publication is not marked with this logo, then it is made available on International IDEA’s standard licensing terms. Please check each title before downloading to see which publications are available under which licence terms and how you are permitted to use these publications.


Publications available under a CC licence

6.7 You should read the licence in full to understand its terms, but in short if a publication is made available under a CC licence, you are free:

6.7.1 to copy, distribute, display and transmit the work; and
6.7.2 to adapt the work,

provided that

6.7.3 you only make non-commercial use of it;
6.7.4 you credit the original author;
6.7.5 if you re-use or distribute the resource, you make clear to others the licence terms on which the original work was made available; and
6.7.6 you make any derivative work that you create available to others on the terms of the same CC licence.

Publications available under our standard licensing terms


6.8 If any publication is not identified by a CC logo, then you are free to:

6.8.1 use the text of the publication only, but not any images, graphics or logos included in the publication,

provided that

6.8.2 you only make non-commercial use of the text;
6.8.3 you agree that any intellectual property rights arising out of your use of the text will belong to us and you will do anything that we reasonably request to give effect to this provision;
6.8.4 you agree that we are entitled to alter, amend and otherwise modify, and to licence and assign any work that arises out of your use of the text;
6.8.5 you credit the original author;
6.8.6 you do not use the text in any way which is likely to reflect negatively on International IDEA;
6.8.7 if you make the text available on the internet, you display a hyperlink from the website hosting the text to our Site;
6.8.8 if you publish the text or a substantial part of it in print, you send us 2 copies of that publication to International IDEA’s publications office together with an electronic file in PDF format that we can make available on our Site; and
6.8.9 you acknowledge International IDEA’s copyright on any use that you make of the text as follows:

“International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance, Stockholm, Sweden, [insert year]. copyright © International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance.”

6.9 If you want to translate the text, then in addition to the above terms:

6.9.1 You will not change or edit the meaning of the original text.
6.9.2 If you engage any third party to translate the text or any part of it, you will acquire any rights they have acquired in the translation to you and you will procure that they waive the benefit of any moral rights or any similar rights that they may have in the translation.
6.9.3 You will include on the copyright page of the translation the following statement:

“This is a direct translation of the [insert year] of International IDEA’s [insert title]. The accuracy of the translated text was not verified by International IDEA. In case of doubt, the original English version prevails [insert ISBN of original version]. This translation was undertaken by [insert the full name and address of your organization].”

6.10 The above licence is personal to you and non-transferable.

6.11 If the transfer of rights referred to in clause 6.8.3 is not effective in law in any legal jurisdiction, then the transfer of rights referred to in clause 6.8.3 will consist of or include the grant of the most extensive and long lasting licence to exploit such intellectual property rights it is possible to grant under the law of the legal jurisdiction in question.

6.12 PLEASE NOTE that if you use any of the publications in a way other than is specifically permitted under these Terms, you may be infringing copyright and therefore may be exposed to civil and/or criminal legal action.

6.13 If you have any questions on issues related to publications, please contact International IDEA at

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7.1 You agree to indemnify, defend and hold harmless us, our directors, officers, employees and licensors from and against any claim, liability, cost, damage or loss we may incur (including reasonable legal fees) as a result of any actions you take which disrupt access to and/or functioning of the Site and/or any breach by you of your obligations under these Terms, including but not limited to any breach by you of the CC licence terms and/or our standard licensing terms.

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8.1 You acknowledge that you might need to download and activate certain third party software in order to download, view and use the content in electronic format provided on the Site (e.g. Adobe Reader). This software will be clearly identified on the Site.

8.2 In order to use such third party software or technology you may have to explicitly accept the terms of a license agreement with that third party. You acknowledge that we have no responsibility or control over such third party software.

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Publications made available at a charge

9.1 Our publications are available to purchase in print format direct from our distributors.

9.2 If you reside in the United States or in Canada, our distributor is Chicago Review Press Inc 814 N. Franklin Street, Chicago Illinois, 60610, United States.

9.3 If you reside anywhere else in the world, our distributor is Gazelle Book Services Ltd, White Cross Mills, Hightown, Lancaster LA1 4XS, United Kingdom.

9.4 If you wish to place an order for a publication from our distributors, please complete the order form available during the “Checkout” process. We will then pass your order details on to the relevant distributor and they will contact you direct to progress your order, by sending you a pro-forma invoice. You will find the distributor’s terms and conditions of sale on the reverse of the pro-forma invoice. If you do decide to proceed with the purchase of a publication from our distributor, please remember that your contract for that purchase will be with the relevant distributor, not us.

9.5 For more information, please see How to Order and Publications Catalogue.

Publications made available at no charge

9.6 If you wish to obtain a copy of any of our publications that are made available free of charge, please complete the order form available during the “Checkout” process. We will then process your order and send you a copy subject to availability.

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We take your privacy seriously. Please read our Privacy Policy to see what personal information we collect and how we deal with this information.

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The Site may include links to third party websites. We have not reviewed these third party websites and do not control and are not responsible for these websites or their content or availability. We therefore do not endorse or make any representations about them, or any material found there, or any results that may be obtained from using them. If you decide to access any of the third party websites linked to the Site, you do so entirely at your own risk.

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You are welcome to link to our Site if you comply with the terms set out in this section and all applicable laws. Any site or service that links to our Site:

  • may link to any page on the Site, provided that you do not link directly to any publication in electronic format made available on the Site;
  • must not in any way imply that we are endorsing it or its products or services;
  • must not misrepresent its relationship with us or present false information about us;
  • must not be a website or service that infringes any intellectual property or other right of any person or that otherwise does not comply with all relevant laws and regulations;
  • must not be a website or service that contains content that could be considered distasteful or offensive.
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13.1 We positively encourage your use of the knowledge resources and information on the Site. However, we do require that your use of the Site is lawful. Consequently, you may not use the Site for any illegal purpose and in particular you will not interfere with or disrupt the Site or servers or networks connected to the Site, or disobey any requirements, procedures, policies or regulations of networks connected to the Site.

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14.1 We promise that we will operate the Site with reasonable skill and care and that we will use our reasonable endeavours to correct any faults of which we are aware. However, although we provide the Site in good faith we cannot and do not guarantee the accuracy, integrity, quality or completeness of the knowledge resources, information or other content found on our Site, or their usefulness for any particular purpose.

14.2 We also promise that we have permission from the original rights owners to allow you to use the publications that are made available from or via the Site, in accordance with the relevant terms set out in Our Publications.

14.3 We do not promise that your access to the Site, or its content (including the electronic publications) will be delivered uninterrupted, timely or error-free, or that the Site will be free from viruses or other harmful properties. Any material downloaded or otherwise obtained through the use of the Site is done at your own risk and you will be solely responsible for any damage to your computer system or loss of data that results from the download of any such material.

14.4 Occasionally we are unable to perform our obligations under these Terms due to circumstances beyond our reasonable control. In such circumstances including, but not limited to, system failure, fire, flood, earthquake and other natural physical disasters, strikes, trade disputes, lock outs, riot, accident, disruption to energy supplies, civil commotion, acts of terrorism or war, our inability or delay in performing our obligations will not be deemed to be in breach of contract.

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15.1 Nothing in these Terms will restrict our liability for death or personal injury resulting from our negligence.

15.2 You agree that, to the extent permitted by law, we will not be held liable for any direct, indirect, incidental or other type loss or injury resulting from your downloading or use of any content (including electronic publications) from the Site.

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16.1 If any of these provisions is deemed invalid, void or unenforceable that provision will be deemed severable from the rest and will not affect the validity and enforceability of any remaining provisions.

Entire Agreement

16.2 These Terms govern our relationship with you and represent our entire agreement with you. Assignment

16.3 You may not assign, sub-license or otherwise transfer any of your rights under these Terms.


16.4 If you breach these Terms and we choose to ignore your breach, we will still be entitled to use our rights and remedies at a later date or in any other situation where you breach the Terms again.

Exclusion of Third Party Rights

16.5 These Terms do not create any right enforceable by any person who is not a party to this Agreement.

Governing Law and Jurisdiction

16.6 These Terms shall be governed by the laws of Sweden.

Dispute Resolution

16.7 Any dispute, controversy, or claim which cannot be settled amicably shall be submitted to and finally settled by arbitration in the following manner:

16.7.1 The arbitration shall be held in accordance with the Rules for Expedited Arbitrations of the Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce, unless the Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce, taking into account the complexity of the case, the amount in dispute and other circumstances, determines, in its discretion, that the Rules of the Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce shall apply. In the latter case, the arbitration shall be conducted by an arbitral tribunal composed of one arbitrator who, failing agreement between the Parties on the nomination of the arbitrator, shall be appointed by the Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce.

16.7.2 The decision of the arbitrator shall be final and binding on the Parties.

16.7.3 The place of arbitration shall be determined by the Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce.

16.7.4 The English language shall be the official language to be used in the arbitral proceedings and for all purposes related to arbitration.

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17.1 If you have any complaints, please contact us via e-mail or by post at Strömsborg SE-103 34 Stockholm Sweden and we will do our best to resolve these.

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18.1 This Site is owned and operated by the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA).

International IDEA
SE-103 34 Stockholm


Our registered company number is 9020000098 (registered as an organization in Sweden).